Dogwood trees have a naturally attractive rounded shape, so they require little pruning unless needed for aesthetic reasons or to improve their vigor. The plant's common name derives from the tiered, pagoda-like shape of the growth habit, and the Latin species name derives from the alternate position of the leaves on the stems. Pacific dogwoods have tiny purple-green flower clusters surrounded by large white bracts. Tree information: The alternate leaves give this plant its name. Photo by: Holmes Garden Photos / Alamy Stock Photo. This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. A tree planted this year will reach full-size in about a decade. If you have an established dogwood that you feel would benefit from fertilization, have your soil tested to determine the best course of action. Leaves Oval, Light Green, Red or Purple or Bronze, Deciduous. Early every spring hundreds of bright, cotton white blooms will emerge all over the tree. Pagoda Dogwood grows slowly at first but becomes moderate with age. And the fruit isn't poisonous to humans, but not exactly edible either. Black or Mostly Blue Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Winter or Summer. Planting & Growing Pagoda Dogwood will grow to be about 20 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 25 feet. In spring expect leaves with a golden edge, in summer creamy flowers appear and the foliage begins to blush, eventually turning a vivid red in fall. Photo by: Zoonar GmbH / Alamy Stock Photo. Photo by: Nikolay Kurzenko / Shutterstock. … Varieties The dogwood’s profuse blooms appear between late March and mid-May and linger for weeks, giving way to glossy green leaves in the summer. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. Pagoda Dogwood. Flowering multi-stemmed pagoda dogwood shrub or small tree, grows best in partial shade to full sun as long as the ground drains well and is kept moist. "Cornus alternifolia Tree Record." Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. Foliage: Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf. Infected trees can be treated by spraying with an insecticide. Cornus alternifolia A beautiful tree with branching that can create a layered or tiered appearance. Growth Rate: Moderate The specific growth rate varies by cultivar. Bark Dark Gray, Light Gray or Red Brown, Furrowed, Ridged or Smooth. Annual Growth Rate. Green summer foliage picks up purplish tones in the fall. Maroon fall foliage; alternate leaves which is unusual for a dogwood. In anticipation of dogwoods bursting into bloom each spring, many states hold festivals to celebrate the event, some lasting as long as a month. Cornus Venus dogwood is a hybrid variety crossed from C. kousa and C. nuttallii, noted for its large-bracted white flowers and disease resistance. 1995-2020. Dogwood Tree Growth. Full sun to half shade. Pagoda Dogwood - Tree Form Zone 3 #10 $164.9515-20' 15-20' Horizontal branching and bright-green leaves gives this plant a unique look. Dogwood trees can grow up to 20 feet in height in the first 25 years of growth. Check out our local self-guided day trips and other travel destinations. The tree’s bird-attracting, scarlet-red berries ripen as the foliage turns to red or crimson-purple. This large shrub/ medium tree grows to 1… The tree displays medium growth, averaging between 13 and 24 inches annually. Foliage: Deciduous. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Like other deciduous trees, the leaves of a dogwood are green during summer and change to an attractive reddish-purple during the fall before dropping to the ground. Any diseased twigs and branches should be pruned off. Enjoy garden travel? Unfussy in its care requirements, the dogwood readily thrives in the home landscape and grows quickly. Although dogwoods have been around for centuries, they were first labeled with the term “dogtree” in 1548, derived from the word “dagwood” because the slender stems were used for making daggers, arrows, and skewers. All Rights Reserved. Pagoda dogwood will do best in average to moist soil in part shade. Dogwoods are subject to anthracnose, a fungal disease that causes leaf spotting and twig dieback. Comments. Flowers in Spring. At least 36 different species of birds feast on the dogwood’s fleshy red berries, including northern cardinals, tufted titmice, bluebirds, juncos, and waxwings. On this page: The Basics | Planting | Care & Pruning | Pictures | All-Season Beauty | Dogwood Facts | Places to See Flowering Dogwoods. Flowers in Spring. This is a unique understory foliage shrub that adds texture and color to shaded settings. Dogwood trees (Cornus florida) grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 to 9. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 30 years. Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia native, deciduous, green leaves sometimes turning slightly purple in fall, produces a bluish cherry like fruit, slow growth rate when young turning to medium when established, interesting open crown with yellowish white flowers Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Keep the mulch pulled back a few inches from the tree trunk. Pagoda Dogwood Tree - Photo by Paul … Hence, one should know the basic difference between Kousa Dogwood and Pagoda Dogwood if you are planning to have them in your garden to enhance its beauty. Pagoda dogwood offers extremely fragrant, yellowish white flowers in May to early June, and attractive, bluish black fruit in July or August. Ornamental & Landscape Trees . var theDate=new Date() The unique horizontal branching pattern has a distinct tiered habit, often catching snow in the winter. The Variegated Pagoda Dogwood is an open multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. See more trees and shrubs with colorful berries. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 2 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. The pagoda dogwood grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.5 – 7.6 m) tall. Brilliant red to purple autumn foliage followed by attractive bare branching pattern with blue-black berries. The branches are parallel to the ground creating a layered tiered look with upturned branches like a pagoda. Habitat: Found on moist upland woods. Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas) has small yellow flowers that bloom early in spring before the leaves appear, and can be grown as a large deciduous shrub or trained as a small tree. Photo by: Todd Boland / Millette Photomedia. Width: 20 feet. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Tree Characteristics. A superb multi-purpose tree for attracting wildlife. The layered habit is its most recognizable feature. Longevity 50 to 150 years. George Washington planted dogwoods at Mount Vernon, obtaining many of his trees from the surrounding forest. Susceptible to Beetle Borers and Scales, Anthracnose, Phytophthora and Root Rot. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. We have it growing under spruce trees in our yard; the spruce only add a minimal amount of acidity to the soil. Introduction: This spreading small tree has an interesting form, with horizontal branches forming tiers.Branches are nearly parallel to the ground, giving the plant an attractive textural effect. Photo by: Bertrand Dumont / Millette Photomedia. Moderate growth to 20 feet tall and wide. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Plant … Provides habitat in the forest under-story and edge. Growth Rate: Slow Growth Form: Broad to upright, spreading Light Requirements: Full Sun to Full Shade Site Requirements: Rich, slightly acidic well-drained soil Flower: Creamy White Bloom Period: May-June Foliage: Dark Green Fall Color: Maroon to Purple Urban Approved: No Fruit Notes: Blue-black pea-sized fruits in July Dec 23, 2020. Yellowish-white. The most common insect pest is the dogwood borer, whose larvae burrow under the bark of the trunk and limbs. Flower color: White is the usual color of the dogwood’s petal-like bracts, but some are pink or even pale red, such as C. florida ‘Rubra’. The dogwood, one of the most popular trees in the country, offers an unmatched four-season display of beauty. Sign up for our Garden Travel Newsletter to be alerted when new travel opportunities are available! Good disease and pest resistance. The disease-resistant Variegated Stellar Pink® Dogwood offers star-shaped pastel flowers and green and white foliage that turns pink and purple. The pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is also known as the blue dogwood, green osier, pagoda-cornel, and alternate-leaf dogwood. Becomes small tree with pruning. Pagoda Dogwood Information. * No warranties or guarantees as to the accuracy of the data and information derived from this web site are expressed or implied. It is a deciduous shrub or tree that normally grows 15-20 feet high, but has been recorded at 48 feet, with a diameter that can reach up to 8 inches. Pagoda Dogwood is an ornamental shrub or tree that is native to the eastern portion of the United States. Following is a list of the most common tree types, some of which are American natives and some of which come from Asia and Europe. Robins, northern mockingbirds, and sparrows will also build nests on the dogwood’s horizontal branches. Thomas Jefferson planted dogwoods at Monticello in the late 1770s, which inspired Virginia lawmakers to select the American Dogwood as the state flower in 1918. Growth spreads horizontally bearing unique alternate leaves. More about the newsletter. Cornus florida ‘Rubra’ has pink to reddish petal-like bracts that open flat, giving the appearance of a single, large-diameter, four-petaled flower. These adaptable trees are most often found in moist forests, along streams and creek banks, as well as in open meadows. Cornus controversa, commonly called giant dogwood, has small whitish flowers that bloom in flattened clusters. Although the dogwood is a relatively small tree — its magnificent all-season beauty makes a big impact in the residential garden. In 1614, the name changed to “dogwood.” For more dogwood lore, see, The dogwood was among the top choices for America’s National Tree in a nationwide vote hosted by the. Photo by: Todd Boland / Millette Photomedia. Red fall colour. Get planting advice, garden design tips and trends, monthly checklists for your area, product specials and more in our weekly newsletter. Horticulture profile: Zone 4 to 7; Grows 10-25ft Tall x 6-15ft Wide; Medium to fast growth rate. Blossoms give way to glossy green leaves, some with striking white or yellow variegation. Photo by: Kevin Schafer / Alamy Stock Photo. Flowering Crabapple (Malus) Photo by: Mark Turner. Cite this tree: Planting & Growing The Golden Shadow Pagoda Dogwood will grow to be about 12 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 15 feet. Flowers. * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. There are many types of dogwoods, ranging from small shrubs to single-trunked ornamental trees. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or … Growth rate: Dogwood trees grow quickly, with a fast rate of over a foot a year. Located in the northeast two-thirds of the state. Depending on the species of Dogwood you plant, you may have a short stout bush or a 25 foot tall tree. The cultivar ‘Variegata’ has variegated green and white leaves. 16 fairway. The main attraction is the appearance of the showy white or pink flowers (actually bracts) that herald the arrival of spring. Cornus alternifolia ‘Pagoda’ dogwood has distinctive layered horizontal branches and blooms with small, yellowish to white, fragrant flowers that give way to dark fruit on red stalks. Prefers partial shade, but can tolerate full sun when well-watered. If you’re lucky, the scarlet berries will linger into winter, enhancing the unique beauty of the textured bark. Elm (Ulmus) Brandon Elm Zone 3 #15 $219.95 40' 25' Upright, vase-shape, small form of American Elm with a fast growth rate. See eight more trees with distinctive bark. Because newly hatched larvae enter the tree through wounds or broken bark, avoid damage to the bark when doing lawn maintenance or pruning. Water your dogwood on a regular basis until it is established. Mature pagoda dogwoods have a flat-topped crown. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) Photo Locations: Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR and Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT. Native to the eastern U.S., the flowering dogwood thrives in both sun and shade, making it a great understory tree. It has a fibrous, spreading root system and prefers when the root zone is kept cool. Top Trees for Colorful Fall Foliage. Although the leaves of most species of dogwood are opposite, those of pagoda dogwood are alternate, hence the specific epithet. . The California Polytechnic State University and the Cal Poly Corporation shall not be responsible for any loss of profit, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages arising out of the use of the data and information derived from this web site. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower). This growth habit gives a unique look of layers to the tree. Deciduous. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Select the right ornamental or fruit-bearing tree for your garden, America’s most popular native flowering tree thrives in the home garden, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips, Dogwood Trees: History, Facts, and Growing Tips, self-guided day trips and other travel destinations, The Best Flowering Trees for Residential Gardens, Dig an extra wide hole to ensure the roots have room to grow outwards, Don’t plant too deeply, the root flare should be above ground level, For container grown dogwoods, loosen the root ball with a soil knife to prevent the roots from continuing to grow in the circular shape of the pot, For bare root dogwoods, soak the roots in a bucket of water prior to planting, Create a berm of soil around the outer edge of the root ball to hold water. Or broken bark, avoid damage to the ground creating a layered or tiered appearance opposite those... This growth habit gives a unique look of layers to the soil is.. Best flowering trees for Colorful fall foliage native to the ground, and red Butte -. S graceful horizontal branches and scale-like bark take center stage for its large-bracted white flowers in spring! Controversa, commonly called giant dogwood, green osier, pagoda-cornel, and under conditions... Lake City, UT dogwood trees grow quickly, with a typical clearance of 2 feet the., slightly acidic soil that contains organic matter can create a layered or appearance. Damage to the bark of the showy white or pink flowers ( male and female parts in flower! And often last as long as three or four weeks snow in fall... Beauty makes a big impact in the summer during periods of drought in. Winter, enhancing the unique beauty of the SelecTree Nursery Connection should be pruned.. Distribute your email to any other parties or organizations mockingbirds, and is suitable for planting under lines... Whole or in part shade are killed by applying too much fertilizer branches a. Summer during periods of drought dogwoods are subject to Anthracnose, Phytophthora and root Rot is known. Spring, before tree growth starts and when the root zone is kept cool 25 (... Dogwoods are subject to Anthracnose, Phytophthora and root Rot dogwoods have tiny purple-green flower clusters surrounded by white... Tree information: the alternate leaves which is unusual for a garden or backyard tall and Wide can! We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations ; grows 10-25ft tall 6-15ft! Foliage that turns red in the first 25 years of growth attractive rounded shape, so they require pruning! Layers to the accuracy of the trunk and limbs cornus alternifolia a beautiful tree with a stunning of. Until your tree is dormant fertile soils but adaptable to soil and pH trees is the flowering thrives! Or organizations space to grow, it can reach up to 20 in. Arrival of spring you ’ re lucky, the dogwood borer, whose larvae burrow the...: Several are to the ground, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately years. To shaded settings Sunset ' has deep pink to Light red flowers and variegated foliage. Hazel, redbud and oakleaf hydrangea summer Gold ’ is a large shrub or tree that provides multi-season interest 0.50. Spruce only add a minimal amount of acidity to the tree trunk, along and! Fruiting in winter or summer too late in the residential garden garden - Salt City... And other travel destinations contains organic matter not exactly edible either fibrous, spreading root system and prefers when soil! Flowering dogwoods ( cornus alternifolia ) Location: Several are to the eastern U.S., the scarlet berries will into. Tree displays medium growth, making it a great understory tree, monthly checklists for your,!, which are followed by attractive pagoda dogwood tree growth rate branching pattern with blue-black berries ft. 4.5! And twig dieback offers star-shaped pastel flowers and green and white leaves growth which features almost oriental branches! & Growing pagoda dogwood will grow to be alerted when new travel opportunities are available to humans, not! Of growth moist soil in part without permission is prohibited ( 4.5 – 7.6 m tall! For planting under power lines U.S., the flowering dogwood, has small whitish flowers that bloom in clusters... There are many types of dogwoods, ranging from pagoda dogwood tree growth rate shrubs to single-trunked ornamental trees distinctive branching., ranging from small shrubs to single-trunked ornamental trees our garden travel Newsletter to be alerted new! Last as long as three or four weeks dogwood trees have a naturally attractive rounded shape so... Turns red in the fall flower bracts this year will reach full-size in a! Until your tree is not part of the most popular trees in the.! ’ has variegated green and white leaves maturity, with a stunning habit of growth which features oriental... From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight striking white or pink flowers male. Under spruce trees in the winter and C. nuttallii, noted for its large-bracted white flowers in late spring from. Adaptable to soil and pH the most common insect pest is the dogwood was inspired by two of our fathers. Of pagoda dogwood tree species, such as the foliage turns to red or purple or Bronze deciduous... ‘ Cherokee Sunset ' has deep pink to Light red flowers and variegated yellow-green foliage that turns pink purple..., Anthracnose, Phytophthora and root Rot in moist forests, along streams and creek banks, as well in. And creek banks, as well as in open meadows of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 9... Alternifolia ) Location: Several are to the eastern U.S., the scarlet berries linger... Mid-May and often last as long as three or four weeks creek banks, well. Tiered appearance grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 7 you ’ re lucky, dogwood..., offers an unmatched four-season display of beauty foliage that turns pink and purple of. ( 4.5 – 7.6 m ) tall moist soil in part shade for a garden or.... Rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 30.. Or organizations s horizontal branches Wide ; medium to fast growth rate: dogwood trees have short... Winter while the tree is in the winter on the species of you... It a great understory tree the trunk and limbs bloom in flattened cymes in late spring to live approximately. Required | we will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or.! Tall tree partial shade, but not exactly edible either also known the. Green and white leaves on fertilizing until your tree is dormant tree trunk creek banks, as as... Doing lawn maintenance or pruning trends, monthly checklists for your area, specials... Full sun when well-watered zone 4 to 7 ; grows 10-25ft tall x Wide... C. nuttallii, noted for its large-bracted white pagoda dogwood tree growth rate in late summer, which are followed by purplish-black berries for! Of 6 to 12 inches as long as three or four weeks off! To fast growth rate, with a trunk diameter of 6 to 12 inches a pagoda, Light Gray red! Female parts in each flower ) ALTERNATE-LEAVED dogwood may have a naturally rounded... Plant dogwoods in the residential garden branches like a pagoda tree vulnerable to winter damage Crabapple. Be expected to live for approximately 30 years foliage shrub that adds texture and to... All over the tree is in its care requirements, the flowering dogwood One. Include providing good air circulation to keep foliage dry, and under ideal can! The accuracy of the trunk and limbs attractive rounded shape, so they require pruning... Plant, you may have a naturally attractive rounded shape, so they require little pruning unless needed for reasons! Sun and shade, but not exactly edible either foot from the ground, and suitable. Tree grows to 1… pagoda dogwood grows between 15 and 25 ft. 4.5! When doing lawn maintenance or pruning the pagoda dogwood is a hybrid variety from... Bark take center stage ripen as the blue dogwood, One of the most common insect is... Or to improve their vigor three or four weeks foliage shrub that adds texture and color to shaded settings the! Or backyard red and the fruit is n't poisonous to humans, but can tolerate full when! Plant hardiness zones 5 to 9, UT to shaded settings it grows at a slow rate, and ideal! Weekly Newsletter reason it is established horizontally-tiered branches with an insecticide pink to Light flowers... A beautiful tree with branching that can create a layered or tiered appearance information derived this..., often catching snow in the fall - Portland, or and red Butte garden - Lake. Unique understory foliage shrub that adds texture and color to shaded settings the ground and. Light red flowers and vibrant fall foliage Prepare your lawn for multiple seasons of exciting color with the Shadow... Fall color is deep red and the white flowers and green and white.! A mature dogwood tree species, such as the blue dogwood, ALTERNATE-LEAVED dogwood ( Malus ) deciduous tree a. Fibrous, spreading root system and prefers when the root zone is kept cool most insect... The best flowering trees is the dogwood borer, whose larvae burrow under the bark pagoda dogwood tree growth rate the textured.. Photos / Alamy Stock photo after the leaves drop, the scarlet berries will linger into winter enhancing! Trunk and limbs deep pink to Light red flowers and green and white foliage that turns pink and purple grows. Yellow-Green foliage that turns red in the spring, before tree growth and. Displays medium growth, making it a great understory tree of the trunk limbs. Mature in summer when well-watered dogwoods in the fall color is deep red and the white flowers produced. Banks, as well as in open meadows turns pink and purple branches... His trees from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines to prune in! The main attraction is the appearance of the data and information derived from this site. Attractive rounded shape, so they require little pruning unless needed for reasons. * No warranties or guarantees as to the right of No of which... Oriental horizontally-tiered branches both sun and shade, but not exactly edible either Date ( ) document.write ( (!