Special thanks go to Dr. Joseph Mukabana, MBS the immediate former Director, KMD and Mr. James Kongoti the Director, KMD. Farms in early civilizations needed to understand weather patterns for their ancient agricultural practices. The situation persists because National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in developing countries, including the Kenya Meteorological Department, do not receive sufficient funding to cover the cost of providing such services. This will mean that our social media accounts, website and other related marketing activities may undergo a change, as we rebrand ourselves to DTN. A significant fraction of government revenue is allocated to achieving food security in the country, thus, agriculture is given special emphasis in national development policies and strategies, including the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and Kenya Vision 2030. The Weather Channel and weather.com provide a national and local weather forecast for cities, as well as weather radar, report and hurricane coverage Write four points to stress the importance of agriculture in India. Weather affects farmers, the environment, and mankind. The farmers were instructed to keep records of times of planting, weeding, plant stages of reproduction and yields. In agricultural stations where most of the people are dependent on the rains, they need to know about the weather often. Gunasekera D., 2004: Economic Issues Relating to Meteorological Provision. The situation persists because National Meteorological and … This, in effect, indicates that for every shilling (Sh) invested, a return on investment of between Sh. The weather was important in their relatively simple … Unseasonably high temperatures may lead to lower plant productivity and more pests on the farm. Pest and Disease Control: Certain weather conditions encourage the development and growth of pests and diseases, which can destroy crops. Rel. A misapplied application caused by weather can wipe away the entire field’s profits. This suggests that easy access and timely provision of accurate weather and climate forecasts is an essential service for 83%, hence the need for awareness creation to attract more government funding for such services. The application of meteorology to agriculture is essential, since every facet of agricultural activity depends on the weather. This chapter discusses many examples of the usefulness of applied mete-orology in order to make users aware of the potential benefits that farmers can gain to improve efficiency The farmers received updated weekly, monthly and seasonal weather and climate forecasts. Special consideration will be given to the local knowledge used by rural farmers, too often Write four supportive arguments. Special thanks go to all the research Assistants, Project farmers as well as members of the public who assisted the research teams in one way or the other. Farmers wanted to know the weather conditions for their crops, merchants needed favourable weather to begin their sea-voyages and even the common man wanted to know how the weather would be in the future. All living organisms on earth require liquid water to survive, and humans require fresh (not salty) water for drinking and agriculture (growing crops for food). Understanding the meteorological processes of El Niño helps farmers, fishers, and coastal residents prepare for the climate pattern. Over the last five years, the project team has been sharing its experiences and project results in conferences and assisting with the implementation of similar projects in other countries. Detailed research is applied through meteorology subsets, including multiple Despite appearances, winter is a surprisingly important time on a farm. Worldwide, weather poses serious threats and challenges for a number of industries. This is contributing to the growing confidence in the use of meteorological information for planning and operations within the agriculture sector in Kenya. The content of this guide is twofold: to describe the most important weather and agroclimatic products that are available by the National Meteorological Service (NMS) and to identify the most important needs of farmers concerning climate information. By Stella Aura1, Nzioka John Muthama2, Â Fredrick K. Karanja3, Â Samuel Kahuha4, Bernard Chanzu5 and Stephen Kingâuyu6. The project findings indicate that weather and climate services have the potential to significantly enhance agricultural production, improve food security and contribute further to the GDP of developing countries. This will mean that our social media accounts, website and other related marketing activities may undergo a change, as we rebrand ourselves to DTN. Weather Another Big Storm System is on the Way While the East Coast continues to deal with a big winter storm, another storm is taking center stage in the West. However, in developing countries â where most smallholder farms are rain-fed â access to weather and climate information to guide decision-making is limited. Nobody would know to take cover during a tornado or know a hurricane is coming. Weather is important for both plants and animals to live comfortably and peacefully. surrounding the earth. Irrigation planning is a good example. Over the years, accuracy and weather forecasting has improved drastically. The trading industry plays a critical role in the world economy. 61(2). But more research on the quantitative nature of the weather forecasting processes is necessary. One of the major impacts of the project is the continuous interactions and involvement of this sector with the National Meteorological Service. The Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote the first major study of the atmosphere around 340 BCE. 2 University of Nairobi, Department of Meteorology, email@example.com The links between food insecurity and poverty are clear. 6 Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, Coordinator Kenya National Climate Change Action Plan, Climate Change Secretariat, firstname.lastname@example.org, Â© 2021Â World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Making Meteorological Services More Beneficial to Farmers, Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre. Â Â. Weather forecasting is a skill that has always been of interest to mankind and the ability to predict weather is an admired ability that has been honored from ancient times to the present. This chapter cites many examples of the utility of applied meteorology in order to make users aware of the potential benefits that farmers can gain to improve efficiency and ensure sustainability of their farm management, to protect and ensure … Windy weather effect planes … Bureau of Meteorology research centre: Melbourne, Australia. CLICK HERE for more information. Survey on the Utilization of Weather Information and Products for Selected Districts in Kenya. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. The importance of meteorological events is felt in … 3 Universitz of Nairobi, Department of Meteorology, email@example.com Improved quantification and understanding of the socio-economic value of meteorological products and services will contribute to enhanced use of such products and services to better address all the post-2015 agenda issues, particularly food security.Â. Meteorology is also important for both air and marine transportation. Â Â. KNBS, (2014) Economic survey 2014. Climate: The prevalent long term weather conditions in a particular area. All the individuals, especially members of the Project Steering Committee (PSC), the Project Research Team (PRT) and Report Writing Team are appreciated for dedicating their time and efforts to the success of this project. The pilot quantified the socio-economic benefits of the meteorological information and services provided to the maize producers using a Cost-Benefit Ratio (CBR) technique. This is in line with the aspirations of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS). Sensors allow farmers to make better decisions about pesticides, watering, and preventing disease. All these institutions are acknowledged for the roles they played in making the project a success and for their continued support and collaboration with KMD in operational research. Forecast guidance incorporated into pest and disease modeling can help determine whether—and when—it’s appropriate to apply pest or disease controls. Vol. 4 Kenya Meteorological Department, Senior Assistance Director, Business Support Services, firstname.lastname@example.org Â Â. Farmers depended on the right weather conditions for planting and the harvest. It help us to predict weather phenomena like rain, hail stone, frost, snow, sunshine, atmospheric pressure, temperature and humidity etc… by knowing this … The agriculture sector continues to be fully involved in post-project activities. Weather forecasting has been an important part of traditions in all civilizations for thousands of years. Weather forecasts can be used to ensure that fertilizer is applied in the right conditions—when it’s dry enough so that it doesn’t wash away (which would create a waste of resources and money) but moist enough so that it gets worked into the soil. Most weather takes place in the lowest level of the atmosphere, known as the troposphere. General circulation is the flow of air of large, semi-permanent weather systems, while secondary circulation is the flow of air of more temporary weather systems. These products were sent twice a week along with other value added information to 130 AgroMet Field Units (AMFUs) for prepar… Many of … Some of the major subjects of study are such phenomena as precipitation (rain and snow), thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes and typhoons. The farmers that were involved in the project have become user-community weather-information champions in their local areas. Sci., 6, 51 â58 ( August 2012). Some 842 million people worldwide cannot afford to eat adequately and are chronically hungry. It’s primarily dependent upon soil moisture and soil temperature. The weather satellite is a type of satellite that is primarily used to monitor the weather and climate of the Earth.Satellites can be polar orbiting, covering the entire Earth asynchronously, or geostationary, hovering over the same spot on the equator.. Meteorological satellites see more than clouds: city lights, fires, effects of pollution, auroras, sand and dust storms, snow cover, … This will mean that our social media accounts, website and other related marketing activities may undergo a change, as we rebrand ourselves to DTN. IMD started by issuing from June 2008 quantitative district level weather forecasts – for rainfall, maximum and minimum temperatures, wind speed and direction, relative humidity and cloudiness – with up to 5 days advance warning and a weekly cumulative rainfall forecast. Masieyi, R. E, Okoola and A. O. Opere, J. R. Mukabana, W Nyakwada, S. Aura and B. Some 51% indicated that they used seasonal weather forecasts, while 32% used daily forecasts. In some ways, the success of Muhammad (570–632) in founding Islam in the early 7th century may have been aided by weather events that preceded him. Weather forecasting, the prediction of the weather through application of the principles of physics, supplemented by a variety of statistical and empirical techniques. So he came up with a mathematical formula that gets applied to sunspot activity, the effect the moon has on the … Fertilizer Timing and Delivery: One of the many decisions that farmers have to make is determining the proper time to apply fertilizer, as well as the application rate and fertilizer form to use. (2017 … Â Â. While farmers must make many day-to-day decisions related to weather conditions, there are four primary areas of farming that are fundamentally affected impacted by weather: The cost/benefit equation for having access to reliable weather forecast information is not always easy to quantify, but it’s a decision that’s easy for most large growers and producers to make. Weather is important to people in many different ways, but several major examples come to mind: 1) Weather controls the distribution of rain water on earth. Throughout many months, farmers make small but frequent decisions about their crops, and the cumulative effect of the financial implications of those decisions can be significant. The pilot project included workshops to brainstorm on implementation; involvement of stakeholders in the implementation and discussion of the results of the study; a baseline survey; training for farmers; and monitoring and evaluation of the project activities on the demonstration plots (experimental and control plots). 1.6 and 2.4 could be realized in maize farming in the study areas, implying that the use of weather information was beneficial to the project farmers. Nobody would know the weather for the next day. Each farm had a control and experimental plot of one acre. Indeed, crops need the basics of moisture, warmth, and sun to thrive. “So back in those days, weather was important to farmers. Most people know that the weather has a significant impact on the agriculture industry. Our leading decision support tools and forecast insights help ensure safe, efficient operations. We are excited to announce that DTN has acquired. As a result of the project, a sustainable network of collaborating stakeholder institutions, experts and users was established to promote and sustain the beneficial use of weather information in Kenya. Producers and agribusinesses face the immense responsibility of feeding the world. WMO Bulletin (2012), Weathering the risk of climate change. In agriculture. Pasture degradation is a major problem on Brazilian farms. We give traders a competitive edge with the latest and best information, plus tools to enhance their analysis and support faster trades. 6.1 Introduction. The majority of the 397 respondents (61.1%) indicated that they were willing to spend money on weather information, including on value-added products. Detailed and accurate historical, real-time and forecast weather information can help farmers better understand and track the growth status/stage to make informed decisions. Most of the contribution of meteorological information and services in the structured of... 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